By Jake Hanley, CMT
Managing Director, Sr. Portfolio Strategist
Introducing: The Teucrium Agricultural Strategy No K-1 ETF (ticker: TILL)
Food Inflation – Think Agriculture
During periods of high inflation, investors often turn to commodities. Commodities are the “ingredients,” in the things we consume every day. What we typically think of as “food” commodities, are pervasive across the global economy. Corn, wheat, soybeans, and sugar are used as feed animals, fuel for transportation, and sweetener for food.
These commodities play an essential role in our daily lives. As such, their prices are largely inelastic. That is, when prices go up consumer demand remains about the same. This is important because supply and demand dynamics drive commodity prices. Global supplies have been shrinking relative to demand over the past two years. This has been supportive for prices. The grains (corn, wheat, and soybeans) are trading near 10-year highs, and sugar is trading near its highest level in 5 years.
The current price rally, while significant, is not abnormal. In fact, we’ve identified a 3-stage cycle that has played out 3 times in the past 15 years.
Food Prices: 3-Stage Cycle
Stage 1: Prices trend near the cost of production
Governments across the globe subsidize food production. This results in extended periods where prices trade at or near their cost of production. At the same time, global demand continues to trend higher amid population growth and rising incomes.
Stage 2: Production issues lead to supply concerns, prices spike higher
Historically, there comes a point where production fails to keep pace with demand. When this happens, supply concerns emerge, and prices spike. For example, we’ve seen corn prices jump from around $3.50 per bushel to over $7 per bushel three times since 2007 (see chart below).
Stage 3: Production increase, prices turn lower
Higher prices incentivize increased production and supply chain investment. Eventually prices head back toward their cost of production as inventories are replenished and become more accessible.
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This chart is for illustrative purposes only and is not indicative of any investment. Past performance does not guarantee future results. US corn commodity values are representative of the futures (generic first corn futures contract –
Of course, past performance does not guarantee future results. Yet, the supply/demand fundamentals underpinning this cycle suggest that history is likely to rhyme, if not repeat.
Investors looking for futures price exposure to these markets may consider our newest fund:
*The Teucrium Agricultural Strategy No K-1 ETF (ticker: TILL) *
TILL provides investors long only futures price exposure to corn, wheat, soybeans, and sugar. As the name indicates, TILL does not issue a K-1 tax form. This is important given that some brokerage platforms do not allow investors to own K-1 issuing funds. Registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, TILL investors can expect to receive the familiar form 1099 at tax time.
TILL will hold one futures contract in each of the four (corn, wheat, soybean and sugar) markets excluding the front-month (aka spot) contract. The portfolio managers follow a proprietary strategy for contract selection designed to help mitigate the potential negative impacts of contango. The fund is managed to maintain an approximate equal weighting between the holdings at 25% each.
TILL is an actively managed strategy and is not designed to track an index. Investors looking for a passively managed strategy may consider the Teucrium Agricultural Fund, ticker: TAGS. Please note that TAGS issues a K-1.
Agricultural in Your Portfolio
Analysis and corresponding graphics were prepared by Teucrium Trading, LLC, using Bloomberg Financial L.P., January 1, 2021
Note: Commodities values are from futures (generic first) spot continuation charts. See Appendices for more details on Commodities used in this comparison.
S&P 500 Index taken from Bloomberg: SPX Index – An investment cannot be made directly in an index.
Investors are increasingly discovering agriculture’s role in a portfolio. Historically, corn, wheat, soybeans, and sugar, all have low correlations to stocks. As such, agriculture prices may zig, when stock prices zag. Typically, agricultural prices lag stocks during equity bull markets. Yet, low correlations also suggest that agricultural prices may outperform stocks on the downside.
For example, corn, wheat, soybeans, and sugar futures all outperformed the S&P 500 over the past two years (04/30/2020 – 04/29/2022).
This chart is for illustrative purposes only and is not indicative of any investment. Past performance does not guarantee future results. Futures prices for corn, wheat, soybeans, and sugar referencing 2nd and 3rd to expire contracts. See footnotes for further details.
Investors with whom we speak, repeatedly point to incorporating agriculture as part of a diversified commodity sleeve in a portfolio. The graphic below illustrates a hypothetical strategic allocation, showing just how agriculture may fit into the investment pie.
Hypothetical Investment Portfolio
We expect agricultural markets to remain volatile. Market participants will be keeping a close eye on the war in Ukraine, and US weather over the next few months. Increased geopolitical tensions and deteriorating weather could provide additional price support for agricultural prices.
Yet, given that these commodities are already trading at relatively high levels there is ample room for prices to head lower. Be sure to follow along with us as we monitor market developments. Please subscribe to our newsletter at www.teucrium.com, and follow us on Twitter @TeucriumETFs.
For more news, information, and strategy, visit the Commodities Channel.
1. US corn commodity values are representative of the futures (generic second and third corn futures contract –
Wheat commodity values are representative of the futures (generic second and third Chicago Wheat futures contract –
Soybean commodity values are representative of the futures (generic second and third soybean futures contract –
) continuation chart as defined by and sourced on Bloomberg: Generic contracts, such as S 1, S 2, S 3, …, are constructed by pasting together “rolling” contracts, according to the pre-selected roll types on the commodity default page.
Sugar commodity values are representative of the futures (generic second and third ICE #11 futures contract –
The generic contract uses the value of a particular contract month until it “rolls” to the next month in the series. You can access a generic contract by replacing the month/year code with the number 1, i.e. C 1
Risks and Disclosure
Read the prospectus carefully before investing
A copy of the prospectus may be obtained at: www.teucrium.com
The expressed views were those of Teucrium Trading, LLC as of 05/05/2022 and may not reflect the views of Teucrium on the date the material is first published or any time thereafter. These views are intended to assist in understanding certain factors that may contribute to the price of agricultural commodities or commodity futures such as corn, wheat, soybean and sugar cane. In no way do the views expressed constitute investment advice, and this document should not be considered as an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy securities outside of the United States of America. Any decision to purchase or sell as a result of any information or opinions expressed in this communication will be the full responsibility of the person authorizing such transaction. An investor should consider investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses carefully before investing. The prospectus contains this and other information.
The Teucrium Corn, Sugar, Soybean, Wheat and Agricultural Funds (the “Funds”) are not mutual funds or any other type of Investment Company within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and are not subject to regulation thereunder. The funds are commodity pools. Investors may choose to use the Funds as a vehicle to hedge against the risk of loss, and there are risks involved in such hedging activities. Unlike mutual funds, the Funds generally will not distribute dividends to its shareholders. Investors may choose to use the Funds as a means of investing indirectly in corn, soybean, wheat or sugar cane. There are risks involved in such investments. Shares of the Funds are not FDIC insured may lose value and have no bank guarantee.
The Teucrium Agricultural Strategy No K-1 ETF (Ticker: TILL) is a “non-diversified” investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended and, therefore, may invest a greater percentage of its assets in a particular security than a diversified fund. TILL is a commodity pool regulated by the CFTC. TILL is new and has limited operating history.
The funds invest in corresponding commodity futures contracts, cash and cash equivalents and are not intended to directly track the spot price of a particular commodity (such as corn, wheat, soybeans or sugar cane).
Futures Risks: Commodities and futures generally are volatile and are not suitable for all investors.
Futures investing is highly speculative and involves a high degree of risk. An investor may lose all or substantially all of an investment. Investing in commodity interests subject each Fund to the risks of its related industry. These risks could result in large fluctuations in the price of a particular Fund’s respective shares. Funds that focus on a single sector generally experience greater volatility. For further discussion of these and additional risks associated with an investment in the Funds please read the respective Fund Prospectus before investing.
Futures may be affected by Backwardation: a market condition in which a futures price is lower in the distant delivery months than in the near delivery months. As a result, the fund may benefit because it would be selling more expensive contracts and buying less expensive ones on an ongoing basis; and Contango: A condition in which distant delivery prices for futures exceeds spot prices, often due to costs of storage and insuring the underlying commodity. Opposite of backwardation. As a result, the Fund’s total return may be lower than might otherwise be the case because it would be selling less expensive contracts and buying more expensive one.
Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results. Diversification does not ensure a profit or protect against loss.
Foreside Fund Services, LLC is the distributor for the Teucrium Funds.
This material must be preceded or accompanied by a prospectus.
Teucrium Investment Advisors, LLC is an investment adviser in Burlington, Vermont and is a wholly owned limited liability company of Teucrium Trading, LLC. Teucrium Investment Advisors, LLC is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Registration of an investment adviser does not imply any specific level of skill or training and does not constitute an endorsement of the firm by the Commission. Teucrium Investment Advisors, LLC only transacts business in states in which it is properly registered or is excluded or exempted from registration. A copy of Teucrium Investment Advisors, LLC’s current written disclosure brochure filed with the SEC which discusses among other things, Teucrium Investment Advisors, LLC’s business practices, services and fees, is available through the SEC’s website at: www.adviserinfo.sec.gov.